James T. Kirk
James Tiberius “Jim” Kirk is a fictional character within the Star Trek franchise. Kirk first appears in Star Trek: The unique Collection and has been portrayed in quite a few films, books, comics, webisodes, and video games. Because the captain of the starship USS Enterprise, Kirk leads his crew as they discover “new worlds, where no man has gone before”. Usually, the characters of Spock and Leonard McCoy act as his logical and emotional sounding boards, respectively.
Kirk, played by William Shatner, first appears within the broadcast pilot episode, “The Man Lure”, originally broadcast on September 8, 1966. Shatner continued in the function for the show’s three seasons, and later provided the voice of the animated version of Kirk in Star Trek: The Animated Series (1973-74). Shatner returned to the role for Star Trek: The Motion Picture (1979) and in six subsequent movies. Chris Pine portrays a young model of the character in the 2009 reboot Star Trek film, with Jimmy Bennett playing Kirk as a child. Pine reprised his function in Star Trek Into Darkness (2013) and in Star Trek Beyond (2016). Different actors have played the character in fan-created media, and the character has been the subject of a number of spoofs and satires. Kirk has been praised for his management traits and criticized for his relationships with women.
1 Depiction 1.1 Reboot films
2.1 Conception and television
2.Three Franchise “reboot”
three.1 Cultural impact
three.2 Fan productions
James Tiberius Kirk is born in Riverside, Iowa, where he was raised by his parents, George and Winona Kirk. Though born on Earth, Kirk lived for a time on Tarsus IV, where he was one in all 9 surviving witnesses to the massacre of 4,000 colonists by Kodos the Executioner. James Kirk’s brother, George Samuel Kirk, is first mentioned in “What Are Little Ladies Product of ” and launched and killed in “Operation: Annihilate!”, forsaking three youngsters.
Kirk turned the primary and only pupil at Starfleet Academy to defeat the Kobayashi Maru take a look at, garnering a commendation for original considering for reprogramming the pc to make the “no-win state of affairs” winnable. Kirk was granted a area commission as an ensign and posted to advanced training aboard the USS Republic. He was then promoted to lieutenant junior grade and returned to Starfleet Academy as a scholar instructor.[Three] College students may either “assume or sink” in his class, and Kirk himself was “a stack of books with legs”.[Four] Upon graduating in the top 5 p.c, Kirk was promoted to lieutenant and served aboard the USS Farragut.[Three] While assigned to the Farragut, Kirk commanded his first planetary survey and survived a deadly attack that killed a big portion of the Farragut’s crew,[three] together with his commanding officer, Captain Garrovick. He acquired his first command, a spaceship roughly equivalent to a destroyer, whereas still fairly younger.
Kirk grew to become Starfleet’s youngest captain after receiving command of the USS Enterprise for a five-year mission,[three] three years of that are depicted in the unique Star Trek collection. Kirk’s most important relationships in the tv collection are with first officer Spock and chief medical officer Dr. Leonard “Bones” McCoy. McCoy is someone to whom Kirk unburdens himself and is a foil to Spock.[Eight] Robert Jewett and John Shelton Lawrence’s The myth of the American Superhero describes Kirk as “a tough-driving leader who pushes himself and his crew past human limits”. Terry J. Erdman and Paula M. Block, in their Star Trek one zero one primer, be aware that while “cunning, courageous and confident”, Kirk additionally has a “tendency to ignore Starfleet regulations when he feels the end justifies the means”; he is “the quintessential officer, a man amongst men and a hero for the ages”. Although Kirk all through the series turns into romantically concerned with various ladies, when confronted with a selection between tony stark t shirt avengers vip a lady and the Enterprise, “his ship at all times gained”. Roddenberry wrote in a manufacturing memo that Kirk isn’t afraid of being fallible, but relatively is afraid of the results to his ship and crew should he make an error in judgment. Roddenberry wrote:
[Kirk] has any normal man’s insecurities and doubts, but he is aware of he cannot ever present them—except often in personal with ship’s surgeon McCoy or in subsequent moments with Mr. Spock whose opinions Kirk has discovered to value so highly.
In Star Trek: The Motion Image, Kirk is chief of Starfleet operations, and he takes command of the Enterprise from Captain Willard Decker.[Three] Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry’s novelization of The Motion Image depicts Kirk married to a Starfleet officer killed throughout a transporter accident.[Thirteen] At the beginning of Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, Kirk takes command of the Enterprise from Captain Spock to pursue his enemy from “Area Seed”, Khan Noonien Singh. The film introduces Kirk’s son, David Marcus. Spock, who notes that “commanding a starship is [Kirk’s] first, best future”, dies at the tip of Star Trek II. In Star Trek III: The Search for Spock, Kirk leads his surviving officers in a profitable mission to rescue Spock from a planet on which he’s reborn. Although Kirk is demoted to captain in Star Trek IV: The Voyage House for disobeying Starfleet orders, he also receives command of a new USS Enterprise.[Three] The ship is ordered decommissioned at the top of Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country.
In Star Trek Generations, Captain Picard finds Kirk residing in the timeless Nexus, although historical past recorded his death throughout the Enterprise-B’s maiden voyage, Kirk having fallen into the Nexus within the incident that induced his “death”. Picard convinces Kirk to return to Picard’s current to help cease the villain Soran from destroying Veridian III’s sun. Though Kirk initially refuses the offer, he agrees after realizing the Nexus can not give him the one thing he has at all times sought: the power to make a distinction. The two go away the Nexus and cease Soran. However, Kirk is mortally wounded; as he dies, Picard assures him that he helped to “make a distinction”. Picard buries Kirk on the planet.
The 2009 movie Star Trek introduces an alternate timeline that reveals totally different origins for Kirk, the formation of his affiliation with Spock, and the way they came to serve collectively on the Enterprise.[sixteen] The point of divergence between The original Sequence and the movie happens on January 4, 2233, which turns into the day of Kirk’s beginning. Although the movie treats specific particulars from Star Trek as mutable, characterizations are meant to “stay the identical”. Within the movie, George and Winona Kirk title their son James Tiberius after his maternal and paternal grandfathers, respectively. He is born on a shuttle escaping the starship USS Kelvin, on which his father is killed. The character begins as “a reckless, bar-fighting rebel” who eventually matures. According to Pine, the character is “a 25-yr-old [who acts like a] 15-year-outdated” and who is “indignant at the world”. Kirk and Spock clash at Starfleet Academy, but, over the course of the film, Kirk focuses his “ardour and obstinance and the spectrum of emotions” and turns into captain of the Enterprise. The alternate timeline continues within the 2013 sequel Star Trek Into Darkness, and the 2016 sequel Star Trek Beyond, wherein Pine reprises his function.
Conception and tv
Jeffrey Hunter performed the commanding officer of the USS Enterprise, Captain Christopher Pike, within the rejected Star Trek tv pilot “The Cage”.[Three] In growing a brand new pilot episode, known as “Where No Man Has Gone Earlier than”, collection creator Gene Roddenberry modified the captain’s identify to “James Kirk” after rejecting other choices like Hannibal, Timber, Flagg and Raintree. The name was impressed by Captain James Cook, whose journal entry “ambition leads me … farther than some other man has been before me” impressed the episode title. The character is in part primarily based on C. S. Forester’s Horatio Hornblower hero, and NBC needed the present to emphasize the captain’s “rugged individualism”. Jack Lord was Desilu Productions’ authentic choice to play Kirk, but his demand for fifty-percent ownership of the show led to him not being employed. The second pilot episode was successful, and “The place No Man Has Gone Earlier than” was broadcast as the third episode of Star Trek on September 22, 1966.
William Shatner tried to imbue the character with qualities of “awe and wonder” absent from “The Cage”. He also drew upon his experiences as a Shakespearean actor to invigorate the character, whose dialogue at times is laden with jargon. Not only did Shatner take inspiration from Roddenberry’s suggestion of Hornblower, but also from Alexander the good – “the athlete and the intellectual of his time” – whom Shatner had performed for an unsold television pilot two years earlier. In addition, the actor based Kirk partly on himself because “the fatigue factor [after weeks of every day filming] is such that you try to be as sincere about yourself as attainable”. A comedy veteran, Shatner suggested making the present’s characters as comfy working in space as they could be at sea, thus having Kirk be a humorous “good-pal-the-captain, who in time of need would snap to and turn out to be the warrior”. Altering the character to be “a man with very human feelings” also allowed for the event of the Spock character. Shatner wrote that “Kirk was a man who marveled and enormously appreciated the endless surprises introduced to him by the universe … He did not take things with no consideration and, more than anything, respected life in each one of its bizarre weekly adventure varieties”.
Shatner didn’t expect Star Trek to achieve success, so when it was cancelled in 1969, he assumed it could be the tip of his association with the franchise. He went on to voice Kirk in the animated Star Trek series, star in the first seven Star Trek films, and supply voice appearing for several video games. Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan director and writer Nicholas Meyer, who had never seen an episode of Star Trek before he was assigned to direct, conceived a “Hornblower in outer house” atmosphere, unaware that those books had been an influence on the present. Meyer also emphasised parallels to Sherlock Holmes, in that both characters waste away within the absence of stimuli: new instances for Holmes; starship adventures for Kirk.
Meyer’s The Wrath of Khan script focuses on Kirk’s age, with McCoy giving him a pair of glasses as a birthday current. The script states that Kirk is forty nine, but Shatner was uncertain about being particular about Kirk’s age as a result of he was hesitant to painting a middle-aged model of himself. Shatner changed his thoughts when producer Harve Bennett satisfied Shatner that he might age gracefully like Spencer Tracy. Spock’s sacrifice at the tip of the movie allows for Kirk’s spiritual rebirth; after commenting earlier that he feels old and worn out, Kirk states in the final scene that he feels “young.” Moreover, Spock’s self-sacrificing resolution to the no-win Kobayashi Maru scenario, which Kirk had cheated his means by, forces Kirk to confront demise and to grow as a personality.
Both Shatner and test audiences have been dissatisfied that Kirk was fatally shot in the again in the original ending of the film Star Trek Generations.[Forty] An addendum inserted whereas Shatner’s Star Trek Movie Reminiscences memoir was being printed expresses his enthusiasm at being known as back to film a rewritten ending. Regardless of the rewrite, Generations co-author Ronald D. Moore stated that Kirk’s dying, which was intended to “resonate throughout the Star Trek franchise”, did not “pay off the themes [of loss of life and mortality] in the way we wanted”.[Forty three] Malcolm McDowell, whose character kills Kirk, was dissatisfied with each variations of Kirk’s dying: he believed Kirk ought to have been killed “in a big means”.[Forty four] McDowell claims to have acquired death threats after Generations was launched.
In Star Trek (2009), screenwriters Alex Kurtzman and Roberto Orci targeted their story on Kirk and Spock in the movie’s various timeline whereas making an attempt to preserve key character traits from the previous depictions. Kurtzman stated casting someone whose portrayal of Kirk would show that the character “is being honored and protected” was “tricky”, however that the “spirit of Kirk could be very much alive and properly” in Pine’s depiction. Attributable to his belief that he could not take himself significantly as a pacesetter, Pine recalled having difficulty together with his audition, which required him “to bark ‘Trek jargon'”, but his charisma impressed director J. J. Abrams. Pine’s chemistry with Zachary Quinto, enjoying Spock, led Abrams to offer Pine the role.[Forty eight] Jimmy Bennett played Kirk in scenes depicting the character’s childhood.[Forty nine] The writers turned to materials from the novel Finest Destiny for inspiration as to Kirk’s childhood.
In getting ready to play Kirk, Pine determined to embrace the character’s key traits – “charming, humorous, leader of males” – fairly than strive to fit the “predigested image” of Shatner’s portrayal. Pine particularly did not attempt to mirror Shatner’s cadence, believing that doing so would develop into “an impersonation”. Pine stated he needed his portrayal of Kirk to most resemble Harrison Ford’s Indiana Jones or Han Solo characters, highlighting their humor and “accidental hero” traits.
A misunderstanding arose in the course of the movie’s production about the potential of Shatner making a cameo appearance. In keeping with Abrams, the production staff thought of ways to resurrect Shatner’s deceased Kirk character, however could not devise a means that was not “lame”. However, Abrams believed Shatner misinterpreted language about trying to get “him” into the movie as a reference to Shatner, and not his character. Shatner launched a YouTube video expressing disappointment at not being approached for a cameo. Although Shatner questioned the wisdom of not together with him in the movie, he predicted the movie could be “fantastic” and that he was “kidding” about Abrams not offering him a cameo.
According to Shatner, early Star Trek reviewers described his efficiency as “picket”, with most of the present’s acting reward and media curiosity going to Nimoy. Nevertheless, Shatner’s mannerisms when portraying Kirk have develop into “immediately recognizable” and Shatner received a Saturn Award for Greatest Actor in 1982 for The Wrath of Khan. Star Trek II director Nicholas Meyer said Shatner “gives the perfect performance of his life” in the Wrath of Khan. The Guardian called Pine’s performance of Kirk an “unqualified success”,[fifty eight] and The Boston Globe stated Pine is “a positive, brash boy Kirk”.[Fifty nine] Slate, which called Pine “a jewel”, described his efficiency as “channel[ing]” Shatner with out being an impersonation.
Slate.com described Shatner’s depiction of Kirk as an “expansive, randy, faintly ridiculous, and yet supremely succesful leader of males, Falstaffian in his love of life and largeness of spirit”. The parable of the American Superhero refers to Kirk as a “superhuman redeemer” who “like a real superhero … often escapes after risking battle with monsters or enemy spaceships”.[sixty one] Though some episodes query Kirk’s position as a hero, Star Trek “never left the viewer in doubt for lengthy”. Others have commented that Kirk’s exaggerated “energy, intelligence, charm, and adventurousness” make him unrealistic. Kirk is described as able to find ways “by unanticipated issues to reach [his] targets” and his management fashion is most “appropriate in a tight, geographically identical workforce with a tradition of robust management.”[Sixty four] Though Roddenberry conceived the character as being “in a very actual sense … ‘married’ ” to the Enterprise, Kirk has been noted for “his sexual exploits with gorgeous females of each size, form and type”; he has been referred to as “promiscuous”[sixty five] and labeled a “womanizer”.[Sixty six] The Last Lecture writer Randy Pausch believed he turned a greater teacher, colleague, and husband because he watched Kirk run the Enterprise; Pausch wrote that “for ambitious boys with a scientific bent, there may very well be no higher role mannequin than James T. Kirk”.[Sixty eight] David A. Goodman commented that Kirk “has as much reality as potential for a fictional character.”
In 1985, Riverside, Iowa petitioned Roddenberry and Paramount Footage for permission to “undertake” Kirk as their town’s “Future Son”. Paramount wished $40,000 for a license to reproduce a bust of Kirk, however town as a substitute set a plaque and constructed a replica of the Enterprise (named the “USS Riverside”), and the Riverside Space Community Membership holds an annual “Trek Fest” in anticipation of Kirk’s birthday.
Kirk has been the subject of a variety of tv spoofs that aired in lots of countries, including The Carol Burnett Show and KI.KA’s Bernd das Brot. John Belushi’s impression of Kirk for Saturday Night Stay, which he described as his favorite function, was “dead-on”.[Seventy four] Jim Carrey has been praised for his satire of the character in a 1992 episode of In Dwelling Color. Comic Kevin Pollak is well-known for his impressions of Shatner as Kirk. Kirk has also been talked about in tune, the 1984 English adaptation of “99 Luftballons” in addition to in the German original by Nena[seventy nine] and the 1979 track “Where’s Captain Kirk ” by Spizzenergi.
Kirk has been merchandised in a variety of how, including collectible busts, motion figures, mugs,[eighty two] t-shirts,[eighty two] and Christmas tree ornaments. A Kirk Halloween mask was altered and used because the mask worn by the character Michael Myers in the Halloween movie franchise. In 2002, Kirk’s captain’s chair from the unique Star Trek was auctioned for $304,000.
In a 2010 House Foundation survey, Kirk tied with cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin because the No. 6 most popular area hero.
The Star Trek: Phase II fan manufacturing portrays the additional voyages of the original Enterprise crew. The collection’ creators feel that “Kirk, Spock, McCoy and the remainder must be treated as ‘traditional’ characters like Willy Loman from Death of a Salesman, Gandalf from The Lord of the Rings and even Hamlet, Othello or Romeo. Many actors have and might play the roles, every offering a special interpretation of said character”.
James Cawley has played Kirk within the Part II sequence because it began in 2004. Wired observes that while Cawley’s depiction “lacks Shatner’s vulnerability”, the actor has enough swagger “to be passable in the position”. Cawley’s portrayal was well-recognized enough at Paramount that a bunch of Star Trek: Enterprise writers referred to as for Cawley’s consideration at a science fiction convention by shouting “Hey, Kirk!” at him whereas Shatner sat nearby.
Star Trek portal
Kirk and Uhura’s kiss
^ Okuda, Michael (1993). Star Trek Chronology The Historical past of the future. 1230 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY. 10011: Pocket Books. pp. 29, 184.
^ Carey, Diane (1993). Finest Future. p. 38. ISBN 978-zero-671-79588-7. George and Winona Kirk, and their boys, George Samuel, Junior, and James Tiberius
^ a b c d e f g h i Okuda, Mike; Okuda, Denise; Mirek, Debbie (1999). The Star Trek Encyclopedia. Pocket Books. ISBN 0-671-53609-5.
^ Written by Samuel A. Peeples, directed by James Goldstone (September 9, 1966). “The place No Man Has Gone Before”. Star Trek: The original Sequence. Season 1. Episode 1. NBC.
^ a b Whitfield, Stephen; Roddenberry, Gene (September 1968). The Making of Star Trek. Ballantine Books. ISBN zero-345-31554-5.
^ a b Okuda, Michael; Okuda, Denise (1996). Star Trek Chronology: The History of the longer term. Pocket Books. ISBN 0-671-53610-9.
^ Asherman, Alan (May 1, 1993). The Star Trek Compendium. ISBN 978-zero-671-79612-9.
^ Solow, Herbert; Justman, Robert (June 1997). Inside Star Trek The actual Story. Simon & Schuster. p. 240. ISBN 0-671-00974-5.
^ a b Lawrence, John Shelton; Jewett, Robert (2002). The myth of the American Superhero. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 230. ISBN 978-0-8028-4911-three.
^ Erdmann, Terry J. (September 23, 2008). Star Trek 101. p. Three. ISBN zero-7434-9723-6.
^ a b Lichtenberg, Jacqueline (October 1975). Star Trek Lives!. Corgi Childrens. ISBN 978-0-552-09914-1.
^ a b Roddenberry, Gene (April 18, 1968), Kirk, Spock and Other Persevering with STAR TREK Characters (memo)
^ Roddenberry, Gene; Livingston, Harold; Dean Foster, Alan (1979). Star Trek: The Motion Image: A Novel. Simon & Schuster. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-671-25324-zero. She had been perfection–lover, good friend, wife…
^ Roddenberry, Gene; Livingston, Harold; Dean, Alan (1979). Star Trek: The Motion Image: A Novel. Simon & Schuster. p. Sixty five. ISBN 978-0-671-25324-zero. …what was Lori doing up here She was dying….after which they had been gone. The chamber was empty….”Enterprise, what we acquired back…did not stay lengthy. Thankfully.”
^ a b c Burr, Ty (Could 5, 2009). “Star Trek”. The Boston Globe. p. 1. Retrieved May 6, 2009.
^ Jensen, Jeff. “‘Star Trek’: New Film, New Vision”. Entertainment Weekly. p. 4. Retrieved January 21, 2009.
^ Jensen, Jeff. “‘Star Trek’: New Film, New Vision”. Entertainment Weekly. p. 5. Retrieved January 21, 2009.
^ Star Trek. Might 8, 2009. Winona: We might name him after your father. George: Tiberius You kidding me No, that’s the worst. Let’s name him after your dad; let’s call him Jim.
^ a b c d Topel, Fred (January 14, 2009). “J.J. Abrams defends his Star Trek: You will adore it!”. Sci Fi Wire. Retrieved January 15, 2009.
^ Hyde, Douglas (February 24, 2009). “A chat with the brand new Captain Kirk”. CNN. Retrieved February 24, 2009.
^ a b “How Chris Pine places his own spin on Star Trek’s Capt. Kirk”. Sci Fi Wire. March 5, 2009. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
^ a b c d Shatner, William (2008). Up Until Now: The Autobiography. Macmillan. p. 120. ISBN 978-0-312-37265-1.
^ Dugard, Martin (Could 22, 2001). Farther Than Any Man : The Rise and Fall of Captain James Cook. Atria. ISBN 978-zero-7434-0068-8.
^ Star Trek: Twenty fifth Anniversary Particular. Paramount Pictures. September 28, 1991.
^ Geraghty, Lincoln (2007). Living with Star Trek: American Culture and the Star Trek Universe. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-1-84511-265-3.
^ a b Shatner, William; Chris Kreski (Could 27, 1994). Star Trek Recollections. Harper. ISBN 978-zero-06-109235-0.
^ Dillard, J.M. (1994). Star Trek: “Where No Man Has Gone Before” — A Historical past in Pictures. Pocket Books. p. 9. ISBN 0-671-51149-1.
^ Dillard, J.M. (1994). Star Trek: “The place No Man Has Gone Earlier than” — A Historical past in Pictures. Pocket Books. p. 26. ISBN zero-671-51149-1.
^ Jordan, Pat (September three, 2010). “The many Iterations of William Shatner”. The brand new York Times. p. 5. Retrieved September 19, 2010.
^ a b Shatner, William (2008). Up Till Now: The Autobiography. Macmillan. ISBN 978-zero-312-37265-1.
^ “William Shatner Returns Yet one more Time As Captain Kirk”. CityNews (Toronto). August 14, 2006. Archived from the original on April 11, 2009. Retrieved January 20, 2009.
^ Ornelas, Joseph (December 23, 1998). “Star Trek: 25th Anniversary”. Adventure Basic Gaming. Retrieved January 20, 2009.
^ Dillard, J.M. (1994). Star Trek: “The place No Man Has Gone Earlier than” — A History in Photos. Pocket Books. p. 96. ISBN zero-671-51149-1.
^ Rioux, Terry Lee (2005). From Sawdust to Stardust: The Biography of DeForest Kelley. Pocket Books. p. 243. ISBN zero-7434-5762-5.
^ “Spotlight: Meyer Speaks Proudly of “Khan””. StarTrek.com. Viacom. August 6, 2002. Retrieved January 2, 2009.
^ a b Meyer, Nicholas (August 6, 2002). Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, The Administrators Edition: Audio commentary (DVD; Disc 1/2). Paramount Photos.
^ a b Star Trek solid and crew (August 6, 2002). Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, The Directors Version: Special Options (DVD; Disc 2/2). Paramount Photos.
^ Roth, Lane (1987). “Loss of life and Rebirth in Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan”. Extrapolation. 1 (28): 7.
^ Roth, Lane (1987). “Loss of life and Rebirth in Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan”. Extrapolation. 1 (28): 10.
^ Nemeck, Larry (January 7, 2003). Star Trek: The subsequent Technology Companion. Pocket Books. ISBN 978-0-7434-5798-9.
^ Shatner, William; Kreski, Chris (November 28, 1994). Star Trek Movie Recollections. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-zero-00-638416-8.
^ Cullen, Ian M. (August 8, tony stark t shirt avengers vip 2006). “Ron Moore Shares Some Galactic Insights”. Sci Fi Pulse. Archived from the original on August 25, 2008. Retrieved January thirteen, 2009.
^ Pascale, Anthony (June 24, 2008). “Exclusive Interview: Ron Moore Talks Films (Past and Future)”. Trekmovie.com. Retrieved January 22, 2009.
^ “Malcolm McDowell Killed Kirk… However Hated It, Part I”. StarTrek.com. CBS. June 1, 2011. Retrieved June three, 2011.
^ “Malcolm McDowell Killed Kirk… However Hated It, Part II”. StarTrek.com. CBS. June 2, 2011. Retrieved June three, 2011.
^ Billington, Alex (January thirteen, 2009). “Kicking Off 2009 with Writers Alex Kurtzman and Roberto Orci – Part One: Star Trek”. FirstShowing.internet. Retrieved January 13, 2009.
^ Hoffman, Jordan. “Interview”. UGO Networks. Archived from the original on December 7, 2008. Retrieved January 21, 2009.
^ a b Jensen, Jeff. “‘Star Trek’: New Film, New Vision”. Leisure Weekly. p. 6. Retrieved January 21, 2009.
^ Richards, Olly (January 30, 2008). “A Youthful Capt. Kirk Forged In Star Trek”. Empire. Retrieved January 21, 2009.
^ Jensen, Jeff (October 17, 2008). “Inspirations for a complete new Enterprise”. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved Could eleven, 2009.
^ a b Abele, Robert (October 24, 2008). “Chris Pine”. 10 Actors to observe. Variety. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
^ “Chris Pine places his own spin on ‘Trek’s’ Kirk”. Entry Hollywood. January 6, 2009. Retrieved January 13, 2009.
^ Aftab, Kaleem (March 10, 2008). “Exclusive: Trek Star Reveals Captain Kirk Inspiration”. IGN. Retrieved January 15, 2009.
^ “Shatner: Star Trek Film Diss Just isn’t Logical”. November 21, 2007. Retrieved January 13, 2009.
^ Hoffman, Jordan (December 1, 2008). “William Shatner Interview”. UGO Networks. Archived from the unique on December 5, 2008. Retrieved January 25, 2009.
^ “Previous Saturn Awards: Best Actor”. SaturnAwards.org. Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films. Archived from the original on May eleven, 2008. Retrieved December 12, 2008.
^ Clark, Noelene (June 10, 2011). “‘Star Trek’: Nicholas Meyer explains his Roddenberry remorse”. Los Angeles Instances. Retrieved June 15, 2011.
^ Hoad, Phil (April 21, 2009). “JJ Abrams’ Star Trek: we’ve got liftoff”. The Guardian. London. Retrieved April 22, 2009.
^ Burr, Ty (Might 5, 2009). “Star Trek”. The Boston Globe. p. 2. Retrieved May 6, 2009.
^ a b Stevens, Dana (May 6, 2009). “Go See Star Trek”. Slate. Retrieved Might 7, 2009.
^ Lawrence, John Shelton; Jewett, Robert (2002). The myth of the American Superhero. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 252. ISBN 978-zero-8028-4911-three.
^ Bacon-Smith, Camille (1992). Enterprising Women: Tv Fandom and the Creation of Standard Delusion. University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 128-129. ISBN 978-zero-8122-1379-9.
^ Bacon-Smith, Camille (1992). Enterprising Girls: Tv Fandom and the Creation of Widespread Delusion. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 97. ISBN 978-zero-8122-1379-9.
^ Kimmerly, Paul; Webb, David R. (October 2006). “Leadership, The final Frontier: Lessons From the Captains of Star Trek”. CrossTalk: The Journal of Defense Software program Engineering. Archived from the unique on October 23, 2007.
^ Williams, Chris (August 24, 2006). “Shatner to return as Kirk”. The Register. Retrieved January 21, 2009.
^ Malik, Tariq (September 7, 2006). “After 40 Years, Star Trek ‘Will not Die'”. Area.com. Retrieved January 19, 2009.
^ David, Ariel (November 14, 2008). “Star Trek’s Abrams beams down to Rome”. USA At present. Gannett Company. Retrieved January 19, 2009.
^ Pausch, Randy; Zaslow, Jeffrey (2008). The Last Lecture. Hyperion. ISBN 978-1-4013-2325-7.
^ Goodman, David A. (September 16, 2015). “Why Captain Kirk Is still One of the greatest House Heroes Of All Time”. io9. Gawker Media. Retrieved September 20, 2015.
^ Kirby, Doug; Smith, Ken; Wilkins, Mike. “Future Birthplace of James T. Kirk”. Roadside America. Retrieved September 9, 2008.
^ Beyette, Beverly (May 15, 2005). “A contented future birthplace hooks up with Capt. Kirk”. Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on December 4, 2008. Retrieved September 9, 2008.
^ Terry, Clifford (May 14, 1978). “The swaggering wit of John Belushi”. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
^ Shales, Tom; James Andrew Miller (2003). Reside from New York: An Uncensored Historical past of Saturday Night time Dwell. Again Bay. ISBN 0-316-73565-5.
^ “John Belushi”. Turner Basic Movies. Retrieved January 21, 2009.
^ Bernardi, Daniel (1998). Star Trek and Historical past: Race-ing Towards a White Future. Rutgers College Press. pp. 1-2. ISBN zero-8135-2466-0.
^ Loohauis, Jackie (February four, 1994). “As a pet detective, ‘Ace Ventura’ is a case of the giggles”. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved March 12, 2009. His Captain Kirk impersonation is the perfect yet
^ “Comic Kevin Pollack at the Improv Comedy Membership”. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
^ Bromley, Tom (2006). We Could Have Been the Wombles: The Weird and Great World of 1-Hit Wonders. Penguin Reference. Penguin Books. ISBN 9780141017112.
^ Irwin, Walter; Love, G. B. (1992). The Best of the Better of Trek II. Penguin Group (Canada). ISBN 0451451597.
^ “Sideshow Toy Immortalizes Kirk and Co”. Viacom. January 21, 2003. Retrieved January 21, 2009.
^ Snider, Mike (January 21, 2009). “First look: ‘Star Trek’ toys boldly go nouveau”. USA As we speak. Gannett Firm. Retrieved January 22, 2009.
^ a b Shatner, William (2008). Up Until Now: The Autobiography. Macmillan. p. One hundred fifteen. ISBN 978-0-312-37265-1.
^ “”The difficulty With Tribbles” Hallmark Keepsake Ornament”. Hallmark Playing cards. Retrieved January 21, 2009.
^ John Carpenter, Debra Hill, Nick Castle, Jamie Lee Curtis, and Tommy Lee Wallace (2003). A Lower Above the rest (Halloween: 25th Anniversary Edition DVD Particular Features) (DVD (Area 2)). United States: Anchor Bay.
^ “”Captain Kirk’s” command chair from Star Trek: The unique Collection”. Profiles in History (by means of Internet Archive). Archived from the original on October 17, 2010. Retrieved September 6, 2010.
^ “Space Basis Survey Reveals Broad Vary of House Heroes”. October 27, 2010. Retrieved October 27, 2010.
^ “Star Trek: Section II About”. Archived from the unique on November 20, 2011. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
^ a b Suellentrop, Chris (December 2005). “To Boldly Go The place No Fan Has Gone Earlier than”. Wired. p. Three. Retrieved January 13, 2009.
^ Suellentrop, Chris (December 2005). “To Boldly Go